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Energy sits at the center of climate change, air pollution and water issues in China.

Coal is the main source of air pollution in cities, and China now accounts for more than half of global coal consumption Rapid urbanization is posed to worsen the air pollution that plagues urban citizens today. And fossil fuel production is and will be increasingly constrained by water scarcity.

The Chinese government has already shown strong political will in adopting programs to save energy, reduce emissions, and deploy clean energy. Yet institutional and market barriers remain. Development in Eastern and Western China is unbalanced. At the same time, the opportunity to shift China energy system onto a more sustainable path has never been greater. Citizens are demanding cleaner, more reliable electricity. Governments are searching for low-carbon development options. Renewables like wind and solar are becoming increasingly cost-competitive.

WRI China works with businesses, policymakers, think tanks, research institutes and civil society to shift the country onto a low-carbon growth path. We aim to support China’s ambitious targets on pollution, energy and emissions reductions while also assisting cities in adopting clean energy.

Through objective, high-quality analysis, we work to create  policies and institutions that support sustainable development at the local, provincial and national levels. We provide toolkits and capacity building to pilot clean energy transitions in Chinese cities. And we work to measure these projects’ performance and scale up successful solutions.

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