Urban Transport Performance Appraisal: International Case Studies and Recommendations for China’s National Transit Metropolis Program
China's National Transit Metropolis Demonstration Program rolled out in late 2011 in the context of "double" reform on both supporting policies and institutions of the Ministry of Transport. This program selected 37 pilot cities to develop public transport as their urban development priorities, through a spectrum of planning, construction, land use, right of way, finance and tax policies. To track and evaluate the development achievements of these cities, the Ministry of Transport has issued the Notice of "Transit Metropolis Assessment System" (Jiaoyunfa  No. 387) in 2013.
Drawing on the existing literature on different national transit investment programs abroad (Colombia, Britain, France, Germany, India, Mexico, New Zealand, the United States) and city-wide performance management systems (Copenhagen, London, Los Angeles, New York, Seattle, Singapore, Seoul and Vancouver), the study reveals the drawbacks of the KPI system that are narrowly-focus, incomplete, and misguided. And the study proposes recommendations in following three categories to further improve the KPI system.
First, the KPI system needs to establish and articulate clear vision, boundaries and proposition, changing from a narrow focus on transit performance to be multi-dimensional. Second, the KPIs should be stakeholder-targeted, broad in performance review and flexible to accommodate different cities. Last but not least, improving the KPI system also requires input on setting up regular project monitoring and evaluation, stringent data collection protocols, and reasonable accountability mechanisms.
Sustainable Mobility project aims to enhance local capacities on climate emergency and to accelerate zero carbon, resilient, and inclusive urban transitions toward achieving China’s 2030 carbon peaking and 2060 carbon neutrality pledges.Part of Sustainable Cities